The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is a state recognized tribe of approximately 55,000 enrolled members, most of them living in Robeson and the adjacent counties in southeastern North Carolina. The Lumbee Tribe is the largest tribe in North Carolina, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River and the ninth largest non-federally recognized group in the nation. According to the 2000 US Census report, Pembroke, North Carolina, is made up of 89% Lumbee Indian and the population of Robeson County is almost 40% Lumbee.
The Lumbee are one of eight state-recognized Native American tribes in North Carolina and have been recognized by the state since 1885. They participate at the state level in many ways, including in the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs. They also participate at the national level in many ways, including in the National Congress of American Indians and the National Indian Education Association. They do not have federal recognition.